The head of program - Nikolai A. Gaevsky,Ph.D., associate professor of the Department of Aquatic and Terrestrial Ecosystems
Plant physiology studies the life processes of plants from cell to coenosis levels of organization of living matter. Of traditional primary goal of plant physiology is to provide theoretical and practical bases for agricultural, industrial and medical products based on high-yield plant forms. Modern physiology of plants based on molecular genetic and biophysical methods. In the frames of Plant Physiology intensively biotechnology area, based on a detailed study of the properties of the plant genome. Plant Physiology contributes to the study of biological diversity, conservation and study of unique natural ecosystems, such as the Siberian taiga, tundra, polar.
The purpose of the program: training of biologists who can decide the fundamental and applied issues in the study and application properties of plants.
Features of the program lies in the fact that it is compatible with the programs of research in the Siberian Federal University and Institute of SB RAS (Institute of Biophysics, Institute of Forest SB RAS. VNSukachev), the Krasnoyarsk Research Institute of Agriculture.
Environmental physiology of plants, includes the development of methodology for the use of biophysical methods to study the structural and functional characteristics of vegetable organisms, phytoplankton and algal, physiological bases of plant resistance, physiological and biochemical processes in the interaction of plants with fungi, the role of plants in the global carbon cycle, plants in life support systems space flight.
Plant biotechnology is aimed at obtaining plants that produce biodegradable polymers today, the development of culture of isolated plant tissues, the study of induction of somatic embryogenesis in the main forest-forming species of conifers in Siberia; grow-in system for bioremediation of soils damaged by oil and gas production.
COURSES OF PROGRAM
Corporate environmental management
by Dr. Eger Zadereev
Environmental management is a broad and rapidly developing discipline. Cutting edge of environmental management is the series of environmental management standards prepared by the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO 14000 standards). This series standardise the following key aspects of environmental management: environmental management systems, environmental audit, environmental performance evaluation, and life cycle assessment. Thus, a number of methods of this discipline are already used in practice. The proposed academic course will present a comprehensive introduction to the principles and practices of corporate environmental management. The main aims of this course are: to explain structure and function of different environmental management tools used in business; give broad picture of how and where these tools and methods are currently used or can be used in nearest future; give knowledge and basic practical skills for the application of these methods.
METHODS OF LIGHT MICROSCOPY
The purpose of teaching the discipline is to train specialists who are fluent in the latestmodern techniques and tools of modern light microscopy to study the problems of biological objects. The rapid development of new technologies in the optical and electron microscopy, computerized microscope control and image processing with the help of modern computer technology makes it necessary tointroduce the subject, aimed at the study modern hardware andsoftware microscopic studies.
PRACTICAL WORK ON ENVIRONMENTAL PLANT PHYSIOLOGY
The course consists of study and development of methods for determining the stress state of plants at the molecular, cellular, and organismal levels. As a result, the discipline the student mustknow the current global environmental problems, particularly the influence of environmental factors on the structural and functional organization of the plant organism, the general and specificphysiological adaptation and acclimation processes in plants, the basic methodological approaches for studying plant responses to the effect of environmental factors.
The course provides advanced knowledge of the laws of the interconversion of light, electrochemical and thermal forms of energy at the molecular, cellular, organismal and cenosis levels,the role of plants in the flow of matter and energy in the biosphere, practical skills in the energy calculations for the basicprocesses of photosynthesis and respiration of plants.
FUNCTIONAL ANATOMY OF WOODY PLANTS
The course prepares professionals possessing advanced knowledge about the mechanisms of influence of biotic andabiotic factors on the anatomical structure of wood rasteniyiholding methods for studying the functional anatomy of woody plants, methods for studying the ultrastructure of tissue growth rings of trees.
GENETICS OF PLANT DEVELOPMENT
The course provides advanced knowledge of the laws andstructure of the function of plant genomes, differential expression of the plant genome, the theoretical and practical aspects ofproducing transgenic plants.
Study of the physiological features of plants necessary for the realization of their abilities to restore soil fertility and improve the quality of water bodies disturbed by mining, hydrocarbons,salinity and other processes.
MOLECULAR-GENETIC METHODS OF PLANT PHYSIOLOGY
The aim of the course - the acquisition of theoretical knowledge for the development of modern methods of production and use of genetically modified organisms, modified proteins, enzymes, systems, molecular genetic diagnosis, management, intracellularprocesses, metabolism in general.
METHODS FOR DETERMINING THE RESISTANCE OF PLANTS
The purpose of teaching the discipline is the development of modern methods used to measure the resistance of plants to extreme environmental conditions, natural and anthropogenic.
METHODS OF GROWING PLANTS
The task of the discipline is to: educate students and conductlaboratory studies of vegetation in the soil, sand and water culture, the study of methods for analyzing the dynamics ofnutrients in the soil-plant system in laboratory settings.
SECONDARY METABOLITES OF PLANTS
The course examined the classification of substances of secondary origin, the way their metabolism, mechanisms of biological effects on microorganisms, plants and animals. Plant sources are considered separately biologically important organic compounds.