Direction Biology - 020400.68
Graduate chair of Aquatic and Terrestrial Ecosystems.
The Head of the Master's programme: Gladyshev Michail Ivanovich
, Doctor of Sciences (Biology), Professor, Department of Aquatic and Terrestrial Ecosystems
of Siberian Federal University.
Professor Gladyshev Michail Ivanovich - a member of the Presidium of RAS Hydrobiological Society, the author of the textbook «Foundations of Ecological Biophysics of Aquatic Systems» (in Russian) and the book «Biophysics of the surface microlayer of aquatic ecosystems», 78 papers in journals of Web of Science.
The objective of the programme: to prepare masters on profile of hydrobiology and ichthyology capable of solving complex biological and environmental problems.
Master's programme «Hydrobiology and Ichthyology» is intended to provide knowledge about recent developments and techniques in hydrobiology and ichthyology, development of students' perception of modern directions of research in the field of trophometaboliс interactions of hydrobionts in aquatic ecosystems using biophysical and biochemical methods, including molecular genetic methods; biomanipulation by trophic chains as environmentally safe management of natural ecosystems; protection of rare and most valuable fish species and assessment of their physiological and biochemical conditions, environmental monitoring of water bodies and watercourses of Krasnoyarsk region and assessment of water pollution; biological control of water quality (biotesting and bioindication) for world-class training.
Masters are trained by highly qualified teachers in specialized laboratories with modern equipment.
SELECTED CHAPTERS OF ICHTHYOLOGY
Ichthyology: subject and objectives, the history of ichthyology, contemporary concepts of species and fish classification. The fish body shape variability depending on lifestyle. Peculiarities of fin structure and fin role in fish locomotion. Fish locomotion types: swimming, "walking", burrowing in mud, gliding. Fish relations to environmental factors. Intra-species interactions in fish (shoals, schools, elementary populations, the colonies), their nature and adaptive significance. Reproduction and development. Fish feeding. Age and growth of fish. Dynamics of fish shoals. Distribution of fish in water bodies. The value of fish for humans.
SANITARY HYDROBIOLOGY AND FUNDAMENTALS OF AQUATIC TOXICOLOGY
The main sources of water pollution. Methods of bioassay and bioindication. Principles and mechanisms of water purification, self-purification. Determination of water quality using indicator species of hydrobionts. Regulations for natural resources protection.
METHODS OF STUDYING AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS
Methods of classical hydrobiology for exploring aquatic ecosystems. Hydrobionts sampling. Laboratory studies and calculation of the basic structural and functional indicators. Contemporary methods of chromatographic analysis in hydrobiology and ichthyology.
History and current state of ichtyopathology in Russia. ‘Parasite’ and ‘parasitism’ definitions: viewpoints of different authors. The I and II order environment, the host organism as the parasite habitat. Parasite development cycles, dependence disease on the host species, age, population density, season, migration, food. Parasite systematic groups as agents of invasive fish disease. Fish parasites of epizootic significance, their distribution in water bodies and watercourses of Krasnoyarsk region. Fish physiology and diseases. The methods of evaluation of physiological state of the fish.
PRODUCTIVITY OF AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS
History of productional hydrobiology worldwide and in Russia. Basic concepts and terms of productional hydrobiology. Primary and secondary production in aquatic ecosystems. Destruction of organic matter in aquatic ecosystem. Methods of evaluation of the primary and secondary production and destruction of organic matter. Elements of the theory of functioning aquatic ecosystems.
FUNDAMENTALS OF WATER LEGISLATION
Environmental legislation. Environmental law. State strategy for environmental management. Ecological safety. Environmental licensing. Environmental monitoring. Legal protection of waters. International cooperation in the field of of environmental management and environmental protection. International cooperation in the field of of environmental management and environmental protection.
SELECT ISSUES OF CONTEMPORARY HYDROECOLOGY
Biomanipulation. Bloom of cyanobacteria and eutrophication. The trophic cascade hypothesis – top-down biomanipulation. Methods and criteria of successful biomanipulation. Production of biochemicals, essential for humans, in aquatic ecosystems. Quality of the production (quality of humans’ nutrition). Export of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids from aquatic to terrestrial ecosystems ((carnivorous & omnivorous animals; water birds; aquatic insect emergence). Transfer efficiency of PUFA vs. organic carbon in trophic chains. Stable isotope analyses in aquatic ecology. Implications of stable isotope analysis in ecology: Tracking of migrations (birds, fish, etc.). Methodology of SIA: Seston, Periphytic (epilithic) microalgae, Planktonic and benthic invertebrates, Fish. Isotope ratio differences between habitats.
THE THEORETICAL BASIS OF FISHERIES MANAGEMENT
Fisheries legislation in Russia. Industrial fishing gear. Amateur fishing gear. Prohibited fishing gear. Fish stock assessment methods. The main fishing sites of aquatic ecosystems. Timing of spawning and fishing periods allowed for valuable fish species. Fishing in Krasnoyarsk region.
ECOLOGY OF AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS
The diversity of aquatic ecosystems. Principles of organization and functioning of aquatic ecosystems. Environmental monitoring. The influence of anthropogenic factors on hydrobionts. History of relationships between humankind and water ecosystems. Biogeochemical cycles in aquatic ecosystems. Biofilm and thickening of life in the oceans and inland waters. Methodology of exploring aquatic ecosystems.
ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSIOLOGY OF HYDROBIONTS
Environmental physiology of aquatic invertebrates and fish. Environmental physiology of aquatic plants. Osmoregulation and ion balance of hydrobionts. Nutrition and digestion of hydrobionts, thermal physiology and bioenergy, physiology of growth. Theory of adaptation and the effect of aquatic animals and plants on their environment.
MOLECULAR GENETIC METHODS IN HYDROBIOLOGY AND ICHTHYOLOGY
Study of fish genomes. Methods for fish DNA extraction. Study of algae genomes. Methods for algae DNA extraction. Polymerase chain reaction. Methods of studying sequences of DNA fragments. Identification of species of microcystin producing cyanobacteria. Methods of identifying genetically modified organisms. Qualitative and quantitative determination of genetically modified organisms.
MODERN PROBLEMS OF HYDROBIOLOGY AND ICHTHYOLOGY
The diversity of contemporary problems of aquatic ecosystems. Contemporary problems of aquatic ecosystems functioning. Environmental monitoring. Anthropogenic stressors affecting hydrobionts. Algae and sediment as a source of energy. Modern aspects of energy and nutrients transfer in trophic chains. Modern problems of ichthyology, fish farming and fishing.
History, importance and challenges of aquaculture. Aquaculture in Russia. Hydrosphere as living environment. Freshwater aquaculture. Mechanization and automation in aquaculture
ECOLOGICAL BIOPHYSICS OF AQUATIC SYSTEMS
Subject and objectives of environmental biophysics. Biophysical methods of monitoring. Mathematical and physical modeling of aquatic ecosystems. The influence of hydrobionts on the physical processes in aquatic ecosystems.
SELECTED CHAPTERS OF PHYCOLOGY
Evolution and phylogeny of algae. Physiology of algae. Ecology, distribution and significance of algae. Problems of bloom of cyanobacteria and eutrophication, measures to combat them.
Corporate environmental management
by Dr. Eger Zadereev
Environmental management is a broad and rapidly developing discipline. Cutting edge of environmental management is the series of environmental management standards prepared by the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO 14000 standards). This series standardise the following key aspects of environmental management: environmental management systems, environmental audit, environmental performance evaluation, and life cycle assessment. Thus, a number of methods of this discipline are already used in practice. The proposed academic course will present a comprehensive introduction to the principles and practices of corporate environmental management. The main aims of this course are: to explain structure and function of different environmental management tools used in business; give broad picture of how and where these tools and methods are currently used or can be used in nearest future; give knowledge and basic practical skills for the application of these methods.
24 months, since September
Anisimova Tatyana Viktorovna
I'm master of 2nd course on direction "Hydrobiology and ichthyology", Institute of modern biology and biotechnology of Siberian Federal University.
Education: IMB&BT of SFU. The bachelor degree "Biology" was received in
Polyaeva Kseniya Viktorovna
Supervisor: Vyshegorodtsev A.A.
The theme of master dissertation: "The endoparasite fauna of cisco fishes in Yenisey's lower stream line"
Science interests: fish parasite, Coregonus parasite fauna, diphyllobothriasis,
Budin Yurii Vladimirovich
The scientific adviser: Dr.associate Professor aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems I.V.Zuev.
Subject: Characteristics of spawning a herd of Siberian of vendace Coregonus sardinella (Valenciennes) of the river